BRANNGO Newsletter July 2020

1 About the Cover Picture The cover of this newsletter is a view of Manaslu (Nepali: मनास्लु ), known in Tibetan as Kutang. It is the eighth-highest mountain in the world at 8,163 metres (26,781 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means ‘ mountain of the spirit ’ , comes from the Sanskrit word manasa , meaning ‘ intellect ’ or ‘ soul ’ . Manaslu is the highest peak in the Gorkha District and is about 64 km (40 mi) east of Annapurna. The mountain's long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions. The mountain was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. It is said that just as the British consider Everest ‘ their ’ mountain, Manaslu has always been a ‘ Japanese ’ mountain. The latest information, from 2008, is that there have been 297 ascents of Manaslu and 53 deaths on the mountain. The area is also popular with trekkers. The Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP) was established in 1998 with the primary objective of achieving conservation and sustainable management of the area, which includes Manaslu mountain. It covers 1,663 km2 (642 sq miles) at elevations of between 1,400m to 8,163 m (4,593 to 26,781 ft). The region is home to 33 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer and Himalayan tahr. There are over 110 species of birds, three species of reptiles and 1500-2000 species of flowering plants. More details are on the NTNC website a t https://ntnc.org.np/project/manaslu-conservation-area- project-mcap

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